Nutrition Experts

Question:
What are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
Answer:
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans are intended to improve nutrition and physical activity among Americans age two and older to promote health, reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and reduce the number of people who are overweight or obese. Below are a few highlights:

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Balance calories to manage weight. In the US, more than one-third of children and two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese. To attain and maintain a healthy weight, the Dietary Guidelines say to enjoy your food, but eat less and to avoid oversized portions. They also recommend regular physical activity -- generally, that's at least an hour a day for children and adolescents and 2½ hours a week for adults (e.g., 30 minutes five days a week).
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Eat more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, fat-free and low-fat dairy products and seafood. These foods are nutrient-rich and form the basis of a healthful eating pattern. For the Guidelines recommend that most Americans to eat at least eight ounces of seafood (fish and shellfish) per week because the omega-3 fatty acids in seafood may help prevent heart disease.
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Eat less sodium, solid fats and added sugars. On average, Americans consume about 3,400 mg of sodium per day. The Guidelines say to reduce sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg per day and to 1,500 mg per day if you are age 51 and older, African American, or have high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic kidney disease.
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Read labels to choose lower-sodium options for foods like soups and frozen meals. Saturated fat and trans fat are solid fats. Trim saturated fat by choosing lean meats, fat-free and low-fat dairy products, and vegetable oils instead of butter or lard. Look for margarines, snacks and desserts labeled "0 grams trans fat." To trim added sugars, cut back on sugary drinks, desserts and candy.
Learn more about the Dietary Guidelines here.
Nutritionist Experts
Our Nutrition Experts are registered dietitians who hold master's degrees and are members of the American Dietetic Association and several specialty nutrition groups. They combine over 40 years experience in food and nutrition science, communications and counseling, the culinary arts and the development of nutrition education materials. They are quoted frequently in the national media and have written about nutrition for many major magazines, newspapers, and newsletters.